The 2022 results of Cedefop’s European Skills Index have been recently unveiled. Using a composite indicator approach, Cedefop’s European Skills Index (ESI) measures the performance of national skills systems over time, building on three pillars of investigation: skills development, skills activation, and skills matching. The ESI also highlights the areas where further attention should be given to by each country and provides insights into possible improvement areas. It delivers evidence that supports the EU policy framework for VET and skills, in particular the European Pillar of Social Rights and the European  Skills Agenda.

The 2022 results show that skills development systems seem to be converging in Europe, even though there is still a long way to go until full convergence is achieved. The 2022 rankings group countries into four broad categories based on their performance (from “leaders” to “low-achievers”), but results indicate that all countries have significant room for improvement in all dimensions. The top 4 countries are the Czech Republic, Finland, Estonia and Denmark; at the bottom of the list, we find Italy, Spain, Cyprus and Greece.

Findings also suggest that, although skills matching has been improving significantly over time, the pandemic’s consequences (for instance the difficulties of younger people to renter the labour market) will possibly be reflected in the years to come.


Apr 28, 2022 By Carlos Fernandez